International Geological Journal - Official Journal of the Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association

Th–U–total Pb monazite geochronology records Ordovician (444 Ma) metamorphism/partial melting and Silurian (419 Ma) thrusting in the Kåfjord Nappe, Norwegian Arctic Caledonides

Published: 01 Dec 2019

Pages: 494 - 511

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/geoca-2019-0029

Authors: GRZEGORZ ZIEMNIAK, KAROLINA KOŚMIŃSKA, IGOR PETRÍK, MARIAN JANÁK, KATARZYNA WALCZAK, MACIEJ MANECKI, JAROSŁAW MAJKA

Abstract: The northern extent of the Scandinavian Caledonides includes the Skibotn Nappe Complex of still debated structural position. This paper is focused on part of this complex and presents new U–Th–total Pb monazite dating results for the migmatitic gneiss of the Kåfjord Nappe. The rocks show mineral assemblage of garnet + plagioclase + biotite + white mica + kyanite + rutile ± K-feldspar ± sillimanite. Thermodynamic modelling suggests that garnet was stable at P–T conditions of ca. 680–720 °C and 8–10 kbars in the stability field of kyanite and the rocks underwent partial melting during exhumation following a clockwise P–T path. This episode is dated to 444 ± 12 Ma using chemical Th–U–total Pb dating of the Y-depleted monazite core. Second episode highlighted by growth of secondary white mica resulted from subsequent overprint in amphibolite and greenschist facies. Fluid assisted growth of the Y-enriched monazite rim at 419 ± 8 Ma marks the timing of the nappe emplacement. Age of migmatization and thrusting in the Kåfjord Nappe is similar to the Kalak Nappe Complex, and other units of the Middle Allochthon to the south. Nevertheless, the obtained results do not allow for unambiguous definition of the tectonostratigraphic position of the Skibotn Nappe Complex.

Keywords: Scandinavian Caledonides, Skibotn Nappe Complex, migmatite, geochronology

Download PDF document