International Geological Journal - Official Journal of the Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association

Provenance of Permian Malužiná Formation sandstones (Hronicum, Western Carpathians): evidence from monazite geochronology

Pages: 329 - 338


Abstract: The Permian Malužiná Formation and the Pennsylvanian Nižná Boca Formation are Upper Paleozoic vol- cano-sedimentary complexes in the Hronicum nappe system. Sandstones, shales and conglomerates are the dominant lithological members of the Malužiná Formation sequence. Detrital monazites were analysed by electron microprobe, to obtain Th-U-Pb ages of the source areas. The majority of detrital monazites showed Devonian-Mississippian ages, ranging from 330 to 380 Ma with a weighted average of 351 ± 3.3 (2 σ), that correspond well with the main phase of arc- related magmatic activity in the Western Carpathians. Only a small portion of detrital monazites displayed Permian ages in the range of 250—280 Ma, with a significant maximum around 255 Ma. The weighted average corresponds to 255 ± 6.2 Ma. These monazites may have been partially derived from the synsedimentary acid volcanism that was situ- ated on the margins of the original depositional basin. However, some of the Triassic ages (230—240 Ma), reflect, most likely, the genetic relationship with the overheating connected with Permian and subsequent Triassic extensional re- gime. Detrital monazite ages document the Variscan age of the source area and also reflect a gradual development of the Hronicum terrestrial rift, accompanied by the heterogeneous cooling of the lithosphere.

Keywords: electron microprobe monazite dating, provenance, Permian sandstones, Hronicum, Western Carpathians

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