International Geological Journal - Official Journal of the Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association

Late Miocene volcanic activity in the Ceske stredohori Mountains (Ohre/Eger Graben, northern Bohemia)

Pages: 519 - 533


Abstract: First occurrences of superficial bodies of Late Miocene volcanic activity were found in the western part of the Ceske stredohori Volcanic Complex (CSVC) and extended our knowledge of its volcanostratigraphy. Their K-Ar ages (9.59, 9.61 and 11.36 Ma) correspond to the age of alkaline basaltic rocks of the youngest known Intrusive Suite of this area. Unlike the previously known subvolcanic bodies of this system, the newly observed bodies are represented by superficial products: two scoria cones with remnants of lava flows and one exclusive lava flow produced from a lava cone. The magmas forming all three occurrences are basanitic. Their primitive chemical composition Sr (0.70347–0.70361) and Nd (0.51279–0.51284) isotope ratios are similar to the products of the first and third volcanic formation of the CSVC. The proved existence of superficial products of the youngest volcanic formation, together with clear superposition relations to sedimentary formations and the chemical character of the youngest magmas in the central part of the Ohre (Eger) Graben support the stratigraphic scheme of volcanic activity in the Ceske stredohori Mts. The eruptive style of the youngest formation volcanoes was purely magmatic (Strombolian) with no phreatic influence.

Keywords: Upper Miocene, Ceske stredohori, Strbice Formation, volcanostratigraphy, geochemistry, K-Ar dating, cinder cone, basanite

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