International Geological Journal - Official Journal of the Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association

Biostratigraphy and paleoenvironmental interpretation of Middle Eocene sequences from Darende-Balaban Basin (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey)

Pages: 91 - 101

Authors: ATIKE NAZIK, KEMAL GURBUZ, DENIZ ERDOGAN

Abstract: The Middle Eocene sequence in the Darende-Balaban Basin (Eastern Turkey) characterized by shallow and deep marine benthic and planktonic foraminiferal assemblages. Nummulites and other benthic foraminifers are common in its lower part (mainly in the conglomerates and sandstones) while the planktonic foraminiferal assemblages are abundant in middle and upper parts (generally fine-grained sediments). Acarinina bulbrooki Zone is identified within Middle Eocene strata in the study area. This biozone correlated with other Mediterranean, southern mid- to high-latitude successions where some similar species are recorded. Paleontological and sedimentological data presented in this study suggest that the Middle Eocene sequences are dominated by siliciclastic and carbonate sediments that were deposited in various environments ranging from very shallow (Korgantepe, Asartepe and Darende Formations) to deep marine (Yenice Formation) ones.

Keywords: Middle Eocene, Turkey, paleoenvironment, biostratigraphy, Ostracoda, Foraminifera

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