International Geological Journal - Official Journal of the Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association

Inversion of deep-seated tectonics in the Central Depression of the Outer Carpathians (SE Poland)

Published: Feb 2024

Pages: 61 - 80



Abstract: The deeply buried, northeastern segment of the fold-and-thrust belt of the Outer Carpathians is contoured by synorogenic sediments (Upper Oligocene–Lower Miocene) of tectonically multiplied thicknesses, which mask the deep-seated structures. Integration of archival mappings and profiles of deep wells with the new generation of geological-seismic cross-sections reveals the unconformable position of asymmetric folds and duplexes built of synorogenic sediments, resting upon the older flysch formations (Cretaceous–Lower Paleogene). These structures are cut by a system of dislocated, monovergent, imbricated overthrusts, deeply rooted in the outer zones of thrust folds. These zones are associated with deep-seated, high-amplitude (up to several kilometres), Meso–Paleozoic and Precambrian faults originated by subduction of the European Platform. As revealed by geological reinterpretation of MT-1 magnetotelluric soundings, the time/space identification of longitudinal, compressional sutures rotated by transversal, transpressional faults suggests a segmented model of subduction of the platform basement. Its coincidence with the reconstructed kinematic evolution of sedimentary covers justifies the origin of the inversion tectonics of the Central Depression of the Outer Carpathians as a result of the heterogenic structure of the consolidated basement.

Keywords: fold-and-thrust belt, synorogenic sediments, consolidated basement tectonics of synclinoria, deep cross-sections, kinematic model

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