International Geological Journal - Official Journal of the Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association

Geochemistry and origin of plagiogranites from the Eldivan Ophiolite, Çanklrl (Central Anatolia, Turkey)

Pages: 195 - 205


Abstract: The Eldivan Ophiolite, exposed around Ankara and Çanklrl cities, is located at the central part of the Izmir- Ankara-Erzincan Suture Zone (IAESZ). It represents fragments of the Neotethyan Oceanic Lithosphere emplaced to- wards the south over the Gondwanian continent during the Albian time. It forms nearly complete series by including tectonites (harzburgites and rare dunites), cumulates (dunites, wherlites, pyroxenites, gabbro and plagiogranites) and sheeted dykes from bottom to top. Imbricated slices of volcanic-sedimentary series and discontinuous tectonic slices of ophiolitic metamorphic rocks are located at the base of tectonites. Plagiogranitic rocks of the Eldivan Ophiolite are mainly exposed at upper levels of cumulates. They are in the form of conformable layers within layered diorites and also dikes with variable thicknesses. Plagiogranites have granular texture and are mainly composed of quartz and plagio- clases. The occurrences of chlorite and epidote revealed that these rocks underwent a low grade metamorphism. Eldivan plagiogranites have high SiO2 content (70—75 %) and low K2O content (0.5—1 %) and display flat patterns of REE with variable negative Eu anomalies. LREE/HREE ratio of these rocks varies between 0.2—0.99. All members of the Eldivan rocks have high LILE/HFSE ratios with depletion of Nb, Ti and P similar to subduction related tectonic settings. Geochemical modelling indicates that the Eldivan plagiogranites could have been generated by 50—90 % fractional crystallization and/or 5—25 % partial melting of a hydrous basaltic magma.

Keywords: Eldivan Ophiolite, Early Jurassic, plagiogranite, fractional crystallization, partial melting

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