International Geological Journal - Official Journal of the Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association

Assessment of hydrocarbon potential of Jurassic and Cretaceous source rocks in the Tarnogród–Stryi area (SE Poland and W Ukraine)

Pages: 319 - 333

Authors: PAWEL KOSAKOWSKI, DARIUSZ WIECLAW, ADAM KOWALSKI, YURIY V. KOLTUN

Abstract: The Jurassic/Cretaceous stratigraphic complex forming a part of the sedimentary cover of both the eastern Malopolska Block and the adjacent Lysogóry–Radom Block in the Polish part as well as the Rava Rus’ka and the Kokhanivka Zones in the Ukrainian part of the basement of the Carpathian Foredeep were studied with geochemical methods in order to evaluate the possibility of hydrocarbon generation. In the Polish part of the study area, the Mesozoic strata were characterized on the basis of the analytical results of 121 core samples derived from 11 wells. The samples originated mostly from the Middle Jurassic and partly from the Lower/Upper Cretaceous strata. In the Ukrainian part of the study area the Mesozoic sequence was characterized by 348 core samples collected from 26 wells. The obtained geochemical results indicate that in both the south-eastern part of Poland and the western part of Ukraine the studied Jurassic/Cretaceous sedimentary complex reveals generally low hydrocarbon source-rock potential. The most favourable geochemical parameters: TOC up to 26 wt. % and genetic potential up to 39 mg/g of rock, were found in the Middle Jurassic strata. However, these high values are contradicted by the low hydrocarbon index (HI), usually below 100 mg HC/g TOC. Organic matter from the Middle Jurassic strata is of mixed type, dominated by gas-prone, Type III kerogen. In the Polish part of the study area, organic matter dispersed in these strata is generally immature (Tmax below 435 °C) whereas in the Ukrainian part maturity is sufficient for hydrocarbon generation.

Keywords: Jurassic, Cretaceous, Poland, Ukraine, petroleum geochemistry, source rock characteristics

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