International Geological Journal - Official Journal of the Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association

Three-directional extensional deformation and formation of the Liassic rift basins in the Eastern Pontides (NE Turkey)

Pages: 337 - 346

Authors: YENER EYUBOGLU, OSMAN BEKTAS, AYSEL SEREN, NAFIZ MADEN, RAHSAN OZER, WOLFGANG R. JACOBY

Abstract: The Eastern Pontide magmatic arc (NE Turkey) was rifted by the polyphase extensional tectonic regimes in the Early Jurassic. While alternated volcanics and siliciclastic sedimentary rocks accumulated during the episodic tectonic subsidences, thermal subsidence is manifested by sedimentation of the red pelagic limestones of the Ammonitico Rosso during the Pliensbachian. The trends of the Liassic basins extending in NW-SE, E-W, NE-SW directions coincide with the gravity and magnetic lineament anomalies and corresponding fault zones that are responsible for the paleotectonic and neotectonic evolutions of the Eastern Pontide magmatic arc. These mutual relationships suggest that the faults making up the architecture of the Liassic basins might have operated during the Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic times in different manners. Neptunian dikes, filled by the early rift siliciclastic and following fossiliferous red pelagic limestone implying the repeated extensional tectonic regimes, are also parallel to the main extensions of the Liassic basins. The poles of the contemporaneous neptunian dikes suggesting two or three extensional conjugate fracture systems are in accordance with the dip directions of the rift sediments accumulated in the same conjugate normal fault systems. Assuming that the Liassic basins with Ammonitico Rosso are coeval, multi-armed rift basins might have opened by the mode of the three-directional extension rather than reactivation of faults in the different times.

Keywords: Eastern Pontides, Liassic rift basins, extension, gravimetry, magnetics, sedimentary dikes

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Volume 57 no. 5 / October 2006

Volume 57 no. 5